Recognizing Gynecologic Problems
Gynecological signs and symptoms that may require medical attention
Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle prior to menopause. However, if you notice anything different or unusual, consult your health care provider before attempting to treat the problem yourself.
Symptoms may result from mild infections that are easy to treat. But, if they are not treated properly, they can lead to more serious conditions, including infertility or kidney damage. Vaginal symptoms may also be a sign of more serious problems, from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) to cancers of the reproductive tract.
Gynecological symptoms may resemble other medical conditions or urological problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Consult your health care provider if you have any of the following symptoms:
Bleeding between periods
Frequent and urgent need to urinate, or a burning sensation during urination
Abnormal vaginal bleeding, particularly during or after intercourse
Pain or pressure in your pelvis that differs from menstrual cramps, or persistent abdominal bloating
Itching, burning, swelling, redness, or soreness in the vaginal area
Sores or lumps in the genital area
Vaginal discharge with an unpleasant or unusual odor, or of an unusual color
Increased vaginal discharge
Pain or discomfort during intercourse
Recognizing symptoms early and seeing a health care provider right away increase the likelihood of successful treatment.
Sexually transmitted diseases in adolescents; Approach to the woman with sexual pain; Patient information: Chronic pelvic pain in women (The Basics); Acute uncomplicated cystitis and pyelonephritis in women, UpToDate http://uptodate.com
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologistshttp://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq050.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121214T0848010546
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologistshttp://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq071.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121214T0851220302
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologistshttp://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq095.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121214T0852300546
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologistshttp://www.acog.org/Resources_And_Publications/Committee_Opinions/Committee_on_Gynecologic_Practice/The_Role_of_the_Obstetrician_Gynecologist_in_the_Early_Detection_of_Epithelial_Ovarian_Cancer
U.S. Deapartment of Health and Human Serviceshttp://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/lifetime-good-health/LifetimeGoodHealth-English.pdf
Online Medical Reviewer:
Bowers, Nancy, RN, BSN, MPH
Online Medical Reviewer:
Freeborn, Donna, PhD, CNM, FNP
Last Annual Review Date:
Date Last Modified:
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